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Best Food for Goldfish?


Before the start of this article, Fynnmood would like to highlight that these feedback collected regarding individual goldfish food were base on the majority hobbyists' finding. However, the food alone does not necessary give the result as stated in this article, this is because to successful groom a fish it also involved factors like the water condition and the way the fish is kept. In other words, water, food, feeding timing, use of the tank or pond, temperature, sunlight and genetic of the fish all play a very significant role to the result of the fish.


There are many kinds of food available in the market, fridge food, frozen food, live food and dry food. All have their pro and cons, nonetheless, before we go trying all these different kinds of food, Fynnmood would like to recommend for most hobbyists to start with dry food. Hobbyists should be very comfortable of maintaining the fish in good health with certain dry food before venturing into the fridge, frozen or lives food.


Fridge food usually contains a certain amount of moisture and if this moisture is not properly controlled the food would lose its freshness. So feeding fridge food, hobbyists often have to fight against time to keep up with the freshness of the food. If not, not only the food losses its protein and vitamin but also stand a chance to cause food poisoning to the fish. After saying this, I must highlight that some Chinese master in China practice fridge (home-made) food and their fish are beautiful!


On paper, frozen food (red blood worm; brine shrimp; daphnia) is a perfect kind of food for the fish. However, when frozen food is expose to open air, or especially travelling between factories, distributor, wholesaler, pet stores to hobbyists' home, there is a tendency in temperature change, this could cause the frozen food to loss its protein and vitamin much faster compared to the fridge food! Some articles also claim that frozen food has much less protein and vitamin compared to fresh food.


Perhaps this is an old thinking, but personally, I feel that live food and plants are good source of nutrition food. This sentiment is shared by many breeders too. Unfortunately, it is also a well known fact that feeding live food or water plants (or lettuce; peas) can some time leads to fatal bacteria or diseases.


In the modern world today, technology has been improved tremendously. Combining high-tech science, many new developed dry foods are made together with veterinarian and doctor that are specialize in animal nutrition. Hence, most dry foods have a good coverage of protein and vitamins that the goldfish needed. So if you are not sure what kind of food to feed your goldfish, it is good to start with dry food. The following are some of the dry (pellet) food used among Singapore hobbyists.


TetraFin Gold Exotic (Blue bottle)


Rich in wheat-germ very good for fish growth and surprisingly the goldfish digest this pellet food quite well. It is good for raising mid size goldfish to big size fish. The manufacture also claims for health, colour, and vitality.


TetraFin Gold Colour (Red bottle)


This is Tetra design pellet with additional colour enhancers for excellent colouration. Compared to some other pellet enhancing food, this is not as effective. After saying so, it is still better than many other colour enhancing foods in the market, at least it does not dye the white pattern of the goldfish to pink!


TetraFin Gold Growth (Green bottle)


According to some hobbyists, TetraFin Growth has very similar effect on the goldfish as TetraFin Exotic. Like the TetraFin Exotic, the food easy to digest, and fish seem to enjoy this pellet food. As claim by the manufacture, it does seem to keep the fish healthy.


TetraFin Gold Japan (White bottle)


This is not so commonly used by Singapore hobbyists. One big advantage of this Tetrafin Gold compared to other Tetra pellet food is that this is the sinking pellet. That means the fish do not need to come to the surface to feed, it helps to reduce swimming bladder problems. Disadvantage about floating pellet is that while feeding on the surface the goldfish some time pick up some harmful stuff that float on the surface of the water which resulting stomach problem.


SECRET REVEAL by Fynnmood... ...


For Ryukin keeping, it is better to feed them using floating pellet.

For Oranda and Ranchu, it is better to feed with sinking pellet.

(To know the reason, do tab me on the shoulder the next time you saw me, ok? SMILE)




Medi Super Gold


This is a pretty reliable medicated food for goldfish. It is good to use to feed the goldfish especially quarantine period. Would not recommend using it as regular food source, nevertheless, there are hobbyists that feed this food together with other pellet food to achieve great success. The pellet is small, easy for digestion and has the protein content of 40%.


Japan Ranchu Lord


It has a very strong aroma. It makes you feel like popping it into your mouth! Guess, it is quality for money, although the pellet is small, it seems very compact. Not sure whether it is because of the hardness that the goldfish has to repeatedly biting and grinding the pellet in its mouth so it becomes soft enough to swallow or simply because the pellet is so tasty that the goldfish wants to keep it longer in its mouth before swallowing. This is a sinking type pellet. The package with the red lip ranchu picture has the protein content of 52% which is very high compared to many other pellet foods. Hence, many hobbyists believe that with this high protein content it is good for head growth. The package with the red head ranchu picture has the protein content of 47%, which is above average pellet foods have to offer. This is an expensive food. Fynnmood suggests grinding it to even smaller pellet and use it to feed the baby ranchu.


Hikari Lionhead


This is one of the cheapest pellet food compared to many other brands. Yet, it has every thing the goldfish needs. It has a protein content of 48% which is above average. Good stabilized vitamin C substance that is important factor for quality dry food. It is also a sinking type pellet which many hobbyists preferred. With good water condition, it is able to bring up the head growth of the ranchu and oranda. The biggest negative point about this pellet is that it tend to give the goldfish a bladder/stomach problem, especially when it is over feed.


Imported Japan Pellet (Shimizu)


In some pet shop you might able to find this special imported Japan pellet food for your goldfish. This is another expensive food. Instead of the usual brown or red pellet, this is a dark green pellet, which usually indicates that the pellet has high content of primitive chlorophyll that is very good for natural colour enhancing. This pellet is the smallest among the pellet foods mentioned in this article and it is a sinking type pellet very suitable for raising baby goldfish. However, it could be a high price to pay as the effect on the fish doesn't seems to be so evidently according to some hobbyists.


Saki-Hikari Fancy Goldfish


The red and green packages are sinking stick instead of the usual round pellet. Both have the same protein content of 45%. It marketing strategy has attracted many hobbyists, their selling line "The inclusion of beneficial living microorganisms (Hikari-Germ) offers more complete assimilation, reduced waste, improved resistance to disease and increased growth rates."


So what Hikari-Germ (Pro-biotics) and what can this provide to the goldfish? A probiotic is a living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act or function independently and it is said to be a beneficial or good bacteria that contributes to the health and bring balance to the fish intestinal tract. Hence, maintain a healthy intestinal tract will enable the fish to fight away illness. In short, it means help to keep the goldfish digestive system in shape.


One interesting point that the manufacture has brought up is that probiotics are invaluable able to restore normal intestinal function after a goldfish is treated with antibiotics for illness. (It is a fact that antibiotics do kill both the good and bad bacteria in the intestinal tract during treatment)


Fynnmood has not spent enough time to make a solid conclusion regarding this new produce. However, if the claim is true, then definitely a goldfish that has a healthy intestinal tract will able to benefit from the nutrition in their goldfish food intake, and subsequently fight off any illness and recover faster from any stress and grow well.


Ranchu Selection


Small sinking pellet, has the protein content of 46%. There are many pellet foods that indicate that it does not cloud the water, this is definitely one good example. There was one incident that one of the hobbyists set the auto-feeder wrongly and a resulting of large amount of pellet was dropped into the water. It was surprisingly to the hobbyist to find that the water is still clear after one full day and one full night. Having good water condition, it is able to bring up the head growth of ranchu and oranda. Depending on individual liking, this pellet however doesn't seem to make the fish look so pump up.


Hiraki Spirulina


Protein content 40%. The keyword of this pellet food is "spirulina". Spirulina, an alga rich in carotenoids (a class of highly unsaturated yellow to red pigments occurring in plants), it can help koi (in our case goldfish) to develop beautiful red pigment. It provides aggressive colour enhancing capacity without any negative impact on the white areas and is known as one of the world's best natural colour enhancers.


Many hobbyists are craving for more choices of goldfish foods, some would try out foods that are manufactured for other fish. Fynnmood do encourage hobbyists to try different food from different sources. Only through exploring different options, one would find some thing new and improving his or her fish keeping skills.


Goldfish need carbohydrates to keep them active, and vitamins help to fight disease in order to grow well. Vitamin A and C is good for enhancing their colour pigments and boosts the immune system respectively. Protein for head growth and also can build muscle in parts of body. So while choosing the food for your goldfish do keep these points into consideration.


Pellet food used especially by hobbyists that depends on auto-feeder. Flake food would be a better choice as it is easily consume by the goldfish. More importantly, flake particularly avoids the chances of the goldfish getting the common bladder disease.


Hopefully this article would able to provide some kind of idea what kind of food one is looking for. Fynnmood Club would suggest a couple of mix pellet food would be good. With that, I wish you a joyfully fish keeping.


Thank you,

Fynnmood President

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